Saturday, November 3, 2018

Apple 5G in 2020? What if there's no 5G ever? *Updated With Cell Phone Radiation Report Links


According to, Apple is planning their first 5G iPhone to be released in 2020 using exclusively Intel’s 8161 5G modem chip.

Apple’s first 5G iPhone will arrive in 2020
Apple’s relationship with Intel is not all wine and roses, but the chipmaker will be the sole provider of modems for the first 5G iPhone.

Why the wait? The first 5G mobile phones are supposed to hit the market in early 2019!

There are problems. Apple has problems. 5G has problems.

Apple's problems are:

A) They're in the midst of a prolonged, contentious lawsuit with Qualcomm, who will be providing early 5G modem chips for Android phones. Apple has no interest in doing business with Qualcomm until and unless the lawsuit is settled.

B) Therefore, Apple has turned to Intel for 5G modem chips. But Intel's initial line of 5G chips have heat dissipation problems. Apple wants to wait until Intel's second generation of 5G chips, which won't arrive until 2020.

What are 5G's problems?

Q: Which "5G" are we talking about? 

• A wireless voice and data standard defined by the Third Generation Partnership Program (3GPP)?
Release 15, 5G specifications
Release 16, IMT-2020 submission for an initial full 3GPP 5G system


• A vague marketing term that doesn't necessarily qualify as adhering to the real "5G" standard?
Verizon Launches Proprietary 5G Fixed Wireless Service

A: Yes.

As with "4G", there's a difference between the standard and what is implemented by the various companies involved. IOW: Baloney ahead! Be careful what you're actually buying. I find it useful to keep an eye on the changing history, description and specifications of 5G provided at Wikipedia:


a) There's "5G NR" (New Radio), a preliminary standard from last December, being 'deployed' at a few places around the world. Whether these implementations will work within the finished 5G standard is uncertain.
b) There's the upcoming Verizon 'proprietary 5G', referred to in a link above, whatever that is. 
c) Testing continues of contrasting and potentially incompatible 5G send and receive hardware implementations in the field.
d) Health problems potentially caused by exposure to 5G EM frequencies have become of critical concern.

Regarding health problems, just yesterday the National Institute of Health was at last allowed to release a report from their US National Toxicology Program (NTP) proving that wireless radiation is a Class 1 Human Carcinogen
$25 Million NIH Study Proves Wireless Technology Causes Cancer and DNA Damage - US Brain Tumor
“The $25 million US National Toxicology Program Study has proven again what other studies have shown us that wireless radiation is a Class 1 Human Carcinogen like cigarette smoke and asbestos and should be treated as such. The NTP study proved wireless radiation can cause cancer and it can damage our DNA which can lead to a host of serious diseases. We must warn people and minimize exposure. I along with more than 200 of my colleagues who are expert in the field have called for a moratorium on the roll out of 5G which promises to maximize our exposure to harmful wireless radiation...."
(I added bolding and italics above for emphasis).

Conclusion: 5G has problems. 

We're certainly not going to see the real thing from Apple in 2019. We may not see it in 2020. Considering the health implications, we may not ever see real 5G from anyone. Apple may well benefit from delaying their adoption of 5G technology.



If you'd like to read and review the National Toxicology Program study of Cell Phone Radio Frequency Radiation, all the documentation is now available online here:

Cell Phone Radio Frequency Radiation


Cell phones are currently used by 95% of American adults. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) nominated radio frequency radiation (RFR) used by cell phones for an NTP study because of widespread public use of cell phones and limited knowledge about potential health effects from long-term exposure.


NTP conducted toxicology studies in rats and mice to help clarify potential health hazards, including cancer risk, from exposure to RFR like that used in 2G and 3G cell phones. 

What did the studies find? 
The NTP studies found that high exposure to RFR used by cell phones was associated with: 
• Clear evidence of tumors in the hearts of male rats. The tumors were malignant schwannomas.  
• Some evidence of tumors in the brains of male rats. The tumors were malignant gliomas. 
• Some evidence of tumors in the adrenal glands of male rats. The tumors were benign, malignant, or complex combined pheochromocytoma.
For female rats, and male and female mice, it was unclear if tumors observed in the studies were associated with RFR used by cell phones. This is also known as equivocal evidence.

The final conclusions represent the consensus between NTP and a panel of external scientific experts who thoroughly reviewed the draft NTP technical reports at a public meeting in March 2018.

The results are based on NTP’s four categories of evidence that a substance may cause cancer: clear evidence (highest), some evidence, equivocal evidence, no evidence (lowest).

News Release, Thursday, November 1, 2018, 10:00 a.m. EDT
. . . High Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation Associated With Cancer in Male RatsThese studies did not investigate the types of RFR used for Wi-Fi or 5G networks.

“5G is an emerging technology that hasn’t really been defined yet. From what we currently understand, it likely differs dramatically from what we studied,” said Wyde.

For future studies, NTP is building smaller RFR exposure chambers that will make it easier to evaluate newer telecommunications technologies in weeks or months, rather than years. These studies will focus on developing measurable physical indicators, or biomarkers, of potential effects from RFR. These may include changes in metrics like DNA damage in exposed tissues, which can be detected much sooner than cancer. . . .

Friday, December 15, 2017

"Initial" Utility Support For APFS
Is Here!


Kudos to Micromat for being the first file system repair utility to be compatible with Apple's (as yet unfinished) APFS, Apple File System for SSDs (solid state drives) running macOS 10.13.x High Sierra! Well done chaps!

You can read about APFS compatibility added to TechTool Pro v9.6 here

Please note that this is only 'initial' support for APFS. But for now, IMHO this is sufficient support for APFS. Micromat states:
Trust us when we say that there is a lot going on with this new file system, so this is just *initial* support. Techtool Pro can now test and repair these disks, even eDrives on them, but we're still hard at work exploring the depths of this file system. Some more advanced features will be coming down the road. 
I've been using Micromat utilities for a couple decades and have never had troubles with their software. Some users have complained about the upgrade fee from TechTool Pro v9 to v9.5. The addition of APFS repair functionality in v9.6 makes the upgrade cost worthwhile.

Still on my radar are APFS repair compatibility in Alsoft's DiskWarrior and Prosoft Engineering's Drive Genius. I'm specifically interested in utilities being able to repair APFS drives. That's what I consider to be critical.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 

Meanwhile, there is not-a-sign of Apple progressing with APFS functionality on either hard drives or Fusion drives. There has been no explanation of why, despite there having been Fusion drive compatibility in the first High Sierra beta release. Also, there has been no workaround for the inability of HFS+ drives to access APFS drives. That's bad.

As such I continue to NOT recommend upgrading to macOS 10.13.x High Sierra UNLESS you're only working with SSD Macs. If any HD or Fusion drives are on your network, you're thoroughly stiffed, stung and stalled if you want them to access High Sierra SSD Macs. As such, I consider High Sierra to be an unfinished beta OS, not ready for prime time.

 It's time for the Apple Prod®™. Get moving Apple!!!


Monday, September 25, 2017

Mac Professionals:
Wait to upgrade to macOS 10.13 High Sierra


For Mac professionals, I highly recommend NOT YET updating to macOS 10.13 High Sierra.

Only today, the release date of High Sierra, has Apple let developers know the APFS standard has been finalized. All developers whose software must directly interact with the Mac file system have been waiting until this specific day of standardization until beginning to recode and adapt their software.

As such, it is going to take some time for critical software to catch up with APFS and macOS 10.13 High Sierra.

Therefore, IMHO, waiting to update may be critically important.

Also keep in mind that APFS is specifically designed to work at this time with SSD Macs and NOT Fusion Drive Macs. Please read through this article for further information:

Apple File System in macOS High Sierra won’t work with Fusion Drives
At least not at launch.

IOW: APFS is NOT actually finished, despite Apple’s finalized standard.

You can read developer information about APFS here:


Monday, August 28, 2017

Disk Utilities vs macOS 10.13 High Sierra: Updates Required
(+ Addendum)


There is zero indication that any current disk repair and recovery utilities with which I'm acquainted are going to be compatible with macOS 10.13 High Sierra. Instead, I'm reading reports that they're throwing errors when run on 10.13 beta.


I personally suggest holding onto your money before buying or upgrading ANY disk utility application. Within a month from now we'll know what's going on, so it's no big wait. Blowing dough on current disk utility software is likely to be a total waste.

The situation is that macOS 10.13 High Sierra formally introduces a new file system called Apple File System (APFS). It is foreign to ALL current disk utilities. As such, I'd count on them not working with the new OS.

Disk Repair and Recovery Utilities I've checked:

  • Alsoft DiskWarrior: No mention of 10.13 High Sierra on their website.*
  • Micromat TechTool Pro: No mention of 10.13 High Sierra on their website.
  • Prosoft Engineering Drive Genius and DataRescue: No mention of 10.13 High Sierra on their website.
  • 508 Software (CleverFiles) Disk Drill (Pro): They very kindly have provided a webpage describing their current work on updating their software for High Sierra HERE. Thank you!
  • MacWare DiskTools Pro: Abandonware. I'd personally advise tossing it into the trash.

Other Disk Utilities?

I expect there are going to be compatibility updates for a lot of other disk related utilities. Off the top of my head, I can imagine updates to such utilities as:



It's possible Apple will provide an API layer to help these higher level utilities to continue to work on 10.13 High Sierra.

I have access via AppleSeed to macOS 10.13 betas, but I've avoided it due to my concern about being able to repair disk problems that may arise. Otherwise, I'd have tested all these apps directly. If readers have conducted disk utility tests on 10.13 and would like to share results, please post!

*My sympathies and best wishes to Alsoft, who were affected by Hurricane Harvey in Texas. 😿



I've received a reply comment from Christianp at Micromat regarding both TechTool Pro and MacCheck:
[TechTool Pro] 9.5.2 is a maintenance update, while 10.13 compatibility will arrive in a future update. We never release an update with new OS compatibility until *after* the OS update is released, as Apple sometimes makes last minute changes.

Also, note that APFS is still in development, and Apple has yet to release a spec to developers, which will delay full APFS support from third-party utility makers. Nonetheless, basic APFS support in MacCheck should be available shortly after 10.13 is officially released.

Hopefully this helps.
I’ve verified that this is indeed the case, as per Apple’s statements at their developer website:

Important: This documentation contains preliminary information about an API or technology in development. This information is subject to change, and software implemented according to this documentation should be tested with final operating system software.
IOW: For a number of weeks after the official release of macOS 10.13 High Sierra, the ONLY disk utility we’re going have to repair 10.13 volumes is Apple’s own Disk Utility. I find that to be of considerable concern. It’s a motivator to WAIT to upgrade Macs to 10.13, IMHO.


Monday, June 26, 2017

Missing Emoji: 2017


Thanks to ease and simplicity of PopChar X, now at version 8, I've enjoyed playing with emoji. 

Years back I used to run a server of impossible-to-get music that included techno from Japan. As such, I was introduced to the Japanese versions of 'smilies', called emoticons. I still use a few of them as I prefer their linear design and find them very useful. My favorites are:

(0_o)(o_0) - craziness

(-_-) - sleeping

(^_^) - glee

(^_^)/ - waving

\(^_^)/ - manic glee

There are plenty more.

Then emoji evolved out of the Asian emoticon scene into the font scene. Emoji are in a state of evolution thanks to the expansion of the Unicode Technical Standard (UTS). As a result, there has been an explosion of available emoji as well as a decline in emoticons and smilies. I personally have no trouble mixing them together.

Recently, it has been announced that a collection of new emoji are being officially released and will be coming to the Mac and iOS probably this fall.

Final 2017 Emoji List
Unicode 10.0 is expected to be released in June 2017, and is required for many of the new emojis listed in Emoji 5.0.
The 69 new emoji include magical creatures, steam room, meditation, craziness, shhh, character censored obscenity, monocle face, exploding head, a full range of ages from child to adult, breast feeding, climbing, I Love You hand gesture, brain, winter clothing and sports, new animals, new vegetable, meat, lunch and snack stuff, chopsticks (at long last!), new flags, UFO, yet another heart color and of course vomit.

And yet, despite the already existent, mind boggling collection of now over 600 emoji, there are still many that I consider to be missing. I originally posted most of this list an Apple news website, who chose to censor it. They offered no explanation. I suspect it was my use of humor or my erroneous inclusion of chop sticks. (At last! We have chopsticks!) So I dumped the website from my bookmarks and email, then decided to publish here my list of Missing Emoji: 2017. Please add your own missing emoji in the comments.

My list of still missing emoji, 2017-06-23

Coffee cup, steaming (classic, every coder has one!)

Hula girl (classic)
Grand piano (for dropping, music)
Anvil (for dropping, for blacksmiths)
The rest of the planets. (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto) (Yes, Pluto)
Groundhog (Groundhog's Day)
Mole (living in the dark)
Skunk (smelly)
Nuclear explosion (controversial or obvious? You decide. My 6th grade teacher used them as quiz icons)
Donkey (to go with the elephant, of course).
Ice bucket (challenges)
Infinity ribbon symbol 
Ribbons in campaign colors
Wristbands / Bracelet in campaign colors
Mail humans (mailman & mailwoman)
Blimp / Dirigible (advertising, steampunk, Hindenburg disaster)
Goggles (both steampunk and dieselpunk)
Flying car (ever-promised and never delivered futurist icon)
Fan (air cooling and for the things that hit them, such as the poop emoji)
Acorn (the standard nut)
Candy cane (xmas candy)
Cross-eyed face
Chewing (gum, an idea, a victim's brain, whatever)
Broken glass / mirror (bad luck, accident, crash)
Gravestone (the end)
Wreath (for holidays and graves)
White wine glass (to go with the red wine glass)
Cigar, stogie (to go with the equally addictive cigarette)
Vinyl record (because some people still like them, I have no idea why)
International traffic symbols: Stop, Yield, Slow, Corner, Hill, Intersection, children at play, deaf or blind child, etc.

Google have their own proposed emoji for the purpose of reducing gender inequality. You can find them by clicking on either of the missing female emoji symbols on this page.



Friday, October 17, 2014

No Safari Title Bar
In OS X 10.10 Yosemite?!?!
--> A Quick Workaround


Apple has allowed me to be an AppleSeed beta tester for a couple years so far. I offered some bug reports and suggestions regarding OS X 10.10 Yosemite. But Apple has ignored feedback about one really odd change that breaks an eternal Mac standard: Apple removed the Title Bar from several application windows. I totally do NOT understand. This isn't a universal change in OS X. It's mixed into a few different standard applications and is an option for third party developers. Needless to say, my advice to developers is: DON'T DO THAT! 

My favorite example is the mess that has resulted using Safari version 8. I've complained to Apple, as have others! But Apple hasn't listened, so far.

This may not be an issue for casual Safari users. Many may find enough space up there where the Title Bar is supposed to be to grab Safari windows and move them around just fine. But for we fanatical power users, this is a BFD! Removing the simple, wonderful, eternal Mac Title Bar has created havoc.

Check this out:

(Click images on this page to see BIG versions)

Where, exactly, am I supposed to grab this Safari window in order to move it? Tell me! OMG, what hath Apple wrought?!

So I made a workaround.

Concept: Stuff a bunch of 'Flexible Space' items into the area where the Title Bar is supposed to be. This provides a nicely reliable, reasonably sized area for grabbing and moving Safari windows.

I) Right-Click (CTRL-Click) on the Toolbar (where the Title Bar used to be).

Up pops the "Customize Toolbar..." button. Click it.

II) Down drops the Toolbar pallet where you can drag and drop items into the Toolbar. 

We're going to drag in lots of 'Flexible Space' items. We need to put a lot of them in because they are indeed flexible down to a very minimal size of a few pixels. Because we have a traffic jam going on in the Toolbar and no Title Bar, we have to stuff lots of these minimal spaces somewhere in order to create a usable space for grabbing the Safari window.

My choice: I drag in four extra Flexible Spaces to the right of the Address and Search item. Add as many as you like. Pull some out later if you wish. It can be slightly tricky dragging flexible spaces to exactly where you want them. Practice and patience makes perfect.

III) Click the 'Done' button and away goes the Toolbar pallet. Now you can check out your work by trying to grab and drag around the Safari window. Play with adding or removing flexible spaces as you find useful. This is how mine turned out:

The space I created is fine for my utility. My new space is not going to move. It's going to stay exactly that size unless I remove Toolbar items, at which point it will flexibly expand.


I know someone's going to whine about filling up the Toolbar with too much junk. Shut up. I like all that stuff in my toolbar and I use all it. The entire Safari traffic jam problem is due to Apple's decisions, NOT mine. Go blame them. Got it? Good.

It is my fervent hope that Apple sees the error of their ways and stops the madness. Title bars are a Mac mainstay and should NEVER EVER be removed. That's not a Luddite opinion. It's a UTILITARIAN opinion. Usefulness wins. Get back to useful Apple!


Monday, September 1, 2014

Skype: Ready For The Grave


Skype version was released today. It comes with a surprise. Below is an essay on the subject I've been posting around the net:


This POS crapware is to be avoided. It has been turned into a Microsoft product, with the usual crapification. Here is the supreme crapification:

Version 6.19.blah has the following LISTED and wrong system requirements:
All you need to get started is Mac OS X 10.5.8 or above, a webcam for video calls and a microphone.
And yet v6.19.blah requires OS X 10.9.x. FSCK -U Microsoft.

Earlier this week there was a lot of blahblah about Skype only working on 64-bit Macs in the future. And yet, here I am on a 64-bit Mac running 10.7.5 (the highest it will run) and the morons at Microsoft managed to screw up their '64-bit' rhetoric and screw over thousands of 64-bit Mac users. FSCK -U Microsoft.

If you and your friends and relatives use Skype, STOP. Use something else, such as CryptoCat or Apple's Facetime.

Microsoft's DETAILED System Requirements for Skype 6.19.blah, which are WRONG:
Skype for Mac 
1GHz Intel processor. 
Mac OS X 10.5.8+.
100 MB free disk space.
Either USB or regular headset if your Mac does not have a built-in microphone. 
Download drivers if you are using an external webcam.
For voice calls recommend broadband connection with 100 kbps down / 100 kbps up. 
For group video calling everyone on the call needs Skype 5.0 for Windows or Mac or higher plus webcams. For best quality we recommend you use a high-speed broadband connection of 4Mbps down/512kbps up and a computer with a Core 2 Duo 1.8 GHz processor. As a minimum you’ll need a high-speed broad connection of 512kbps down/128kbps up and a computer with a 1 GHz processor.

FSCK -U Microsoft.